Sep
25
2008

Sep.24, 2008?! 12 new Cisco vulnerability advisories!

On September 24, 2008, at about 16:00 GMT, the The Cisco Product Security Incident Response Team (PSIRT) has published 12 new vulnerability advisories. Mainly these vulnerabilities are DOS attack.

Vulnerability in Cisco IOS While Processing SSL Packet

A Cisco IOS device may crash while processing an SSL packet. This can happen during the termination of an SSL-based session. The offending packet is not malformed and is normally received as part of the packet exchange.

Cisco has released free software updates that address this vulnerability. Aside from disabling affected services, there are no available workarounds to mitigate an exploit of this vulnerability.

This vulnerability is triggered during the termination of an SSL session. Possession of valid credentials such as a username, password or a certificate is not required. SSL protocol uses TCP as a transport protocol. The requirement of the complete TCP 3-way handshake reduces the probability that this vulnerability will be exploited through the use of spoofed IP addresses.

A device running vulnerable Cisco IOS Software with SSL-based service configured will crash while terminating an SSL session.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a0146c.shtml

Multiple Multicast Vulnerabilities in Cisco IOS Software

Two crafted Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) packet vulnerabilities exist in Cisco IOS software that may lead to a denial of service (DoS) condition. Cisco has released free software updates that address these vulnerabilities. Workarounds that mitigate these vulnerabilities are available.

Two crafted Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) packet vulnerabilities exist in Cisco IOS Software that may lead to a denial of service (DoS) condition. Devices that run Cisco IOS Software and are configured for PIM are affected by the first vulnerability. Only Cisco 12000 Series (GSR) routers that are configured for PIM are affected by the second vulnerability.

Available PIM modes on a Cisco IOS device are dense mode, sparse mode, or sparse-dense mode. The mode determines how the device populates its multicast routing table and how multicast packets are forwarded. PIM must be enabled in one of these modes for an interface to perform IP multicast routing.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a01491.shtml

Cisco IOS NAT Skinny Call Control Protocol Vulnerability

A series of segmented Skinny Call Control Protocol (SCCP) messages may cause a Cisco IOS device that is configured with the Network Address Translation (NAT) SCCP Fragmentation Support feature to reload.

Cisco has released free software updates that address this vulnerability. A workaround that mitigates this vulnerability is available.

The Skinny Call Control Protocol (SCCP) enables voice communication between an SCCP client and a Call Manager (CM). Typically, the CM provides service to the SCCP clients on TCP Port 2000 by default. Initially, an SCCP client connects to the CM by establishing a TCP connection; the client will also establish a TCP connection with a secondary CM, if available.

The NAT SCCP Fragmentation Support feature prevents skinny control message exchanges from failing in a TCP segmentation scenario because the NAT Skinny Application Layer Gateway (ALG) is able to reassemble the skinny control messages. A segmented payload that requires an IP or port translation will no longer be dropped. The NAT SCCP Fragmentation Support feature was introduced in Cisco IOS version 12.4(6)T.

A series of fragmented SCCP messages may cause a Cisco IOS router that is running the NAT SCCP Fragmentation Support feature to reload.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a0148e.shtml

Multiple Cisco IOS Session Initiation Protocol Denial of Service Vulnerabilities

Multiple vulnerabilities exist in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) implementation in Cisco IOS that can be exploited remotely to trigger a memory leak or to cause a reload of the IOS device.

Cisco has released free software updates that address these vulnerabilities. Fixed Cisco IOS software listed in the Software Versions and Fixes section contains fixes for all vulnerabilities addressed in this advisory.

There are no workarounds available to mitigate the effects of any of the vulnerabilities apart from disabling the protocol or feature itself, if administrators do not require the Cisco IOS device to provide voice over IP services.
SIP is a popular signaling protocol used to manage voice and video calls across IP networks such as the Internet. SIP is responsible for handling all aspects of call setup and termination. Voice and video are the most popular types of sessions that SIP handles, but the protocol is flexible to accommodate for other applications that require call setup and termination. SIP call signaling can use UDP (port 5060), TCP (port 5060), or TLS (TCP port 5061) as the underlying transport protocol.

Multiple denial of service vulnerabilities exist in the SIP implementation in Cisco IOS. In all cases vulnerabilities can be triggered by processing valid SIP messages.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a01562.shtml

Cisco IOS IPS Denial of Service Vulnerability

The Cisco IOS Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) feature contains a vulnerability in the processing of certain IPS signatures that use the SERVICE.DNS engine. This vulnerability may cause a router to crash or hang, resulting in a denial of service condition.

Cisco has released free software updates that address this vulnerability. There is a workaround for this vulnerability.

Cisco IOS Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) is an inline, deep-packet inspection feature that effectively mitigates a wide range of network attacks. A component of the Cisco IOS Integrated Threat Control framework and complemented by Cisco IOS Flexible Packet Matching feature, Cisco IOS IPS provides your network with the intelligence to accurately identify, classify, and stop or block malicious traffic in real time. Additional information on the Cisco IOS IPS feature can be found at http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_3t/12_3t8/feature/guide/gt_fwids.html.

Previous to the introduction of the Cisco IOS IPS feature, Cisco IOS provided a similar feature, the Cisco IOS Intrusion Detection System (IDS). The Cisco IOS IDS feature is not affected by this vulnerability. Additional information on the Cisco IOS IDS feature can be found at http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_0t/12_0t5/feature/guide/ios_ids.html.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a01556.shtml

Cisco Unified Communications Manager Session Initiation Protocol Denial of Service Vulnerabilities

Cisco Unified Communications Manager, formerly Cisco Unified CallManager, contains two denial of service (DoS) vulnerabilities in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) service. An exploit of these vulnerabilities may cause an interruption in voice services.

Cisco will release free software updates that address these vulnerabilities and this advisory will be updated as fixed software becomes available. There are no workarounds for these vulnerabilities.

Cisco Unified Communications Manager is the call processing component of the Cisco IP Telephony solution that extends enterprise telephony features and functions to packet telephony network devices, such as IP phones, media processing devices, voice-over-IP gateways, and multimedia applications.

SIP is a popular signaling protocol that is used to manage voice and video calls across IP networks such as the Internet. SIP is responsible for handling all aspects of call setup and termination. Voice and video are the most popular types of sessions that SIP handles, but the protocol is flexible to accommodate for other applications that require call setup and termination. SIP call signaling can use UDP (port 5060), TCP (port 5060), or TLS (TCP port 5061) as the underlying transport protocol.

Two DoS vulnerabilities exist in the SIP implementation of the Cisco Unified Communications Manager. These vulnerabilities can be triggered while processing specific and valid SIP messages and can lead to a reload of the main Cisco Unified Communications Manager process.

Version 4.x of Cisco Unified CallManager does not have SIP enabled by default unless a SIP trunk is configured. Versions 5.x and later of the Cisco Unified Communications Manager have SIP enabled by default and cannot be disabled.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a0156a.shtml

Cisco uBR10012 Series Devices SNMP Vulnerability

Cisco uBR10012 series devices automatically enable Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) read/write access to the device if configured for linecard redundancy. This can be exploited by an attacker to gain complete control of the device. Only Cisco uBR10012 series devices that are configured for linecard redundancy are affected.

Cisco has released free software updates that address this vulnerability. Workarounds that mitigate this vulnerability are available.

Cisco uBR10012 series devices need to communicate with an RF Switch when configured for linecard redundancy. This communication is based on SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol). When linecard redundancy is enabled on a Cisco uBR10012 series device, SNMP is also automatically enabled with a default community string of private that has read/write privileges. Since there are no access restrictions on this community string, it may be exploited by an attacker to gain complete control of the device.

Changing the default community string, adding access restrictions on SNMP or doing both will mitigate this vulnerability. The recommended mitigation is to do both.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a014b1.shtml

Cisco IOS MPLS VPN May Leak Information

Devices running Cisco IOS versions 12.0S, 12.2, 12.3 or 12.4 and configured for Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) or VPN Routing and Forwarding Lite (VRF Lite) and using Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) between Customer Edge (CE) and Provider Edge (PE) devices may permit information to propagate between VPNs.

Workarounds are available to help mitigate this vulnerability.

This issue is triggered by a logic error when processing extended communities on the PE device.

This issue cannot be deterministically exploited by an attacker.

Cisco has released free software updates that address these vulnerabilities. Workarounds that mitigate these vulnerabilities are available.

MPLS VPNs allow for the creation of ‘virtual networks’ that customers can use to segregate traffic into multiple, isolated VPNs. Traffic within each MPLS VPN is kept separate from the others, thereby maintaining a virtual private network.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a014a9.shtml

Cisco IOS MPLS Forwarding Infrastructure Denial of Service Vulnerability

Cisco IOS Software Multi Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Forwarding Infrastructure (MFI) is vulnerable to a Denial of Service (DoS) attack from specially crafted packets. Only the MFI is affected by this vulnerability. Older Label Forwarding Information Base (LFIB) implementation, which is replaced by MFI, is not affected.

Cisco has released free software updates that address this vulnerability.

In newer versions of Cisco IOS software, a new packet forwarding infrastructure was introduced to improve scalability and performance. This forwarding infrastructure, called MFI, is transparent to the user. MFI manages MPLS data structures used for forwarding and replaces the older implementation, Label Forwarding Information Base (LFIB). Cisco IOS MFI implementation is vulnerable to a DoS attack from specially crafted packets that are handled in the software path, including transit packets that are handled in the software path. Such packets can be sent from the local segment to the interfaces that are configured for MPLS or via tunnel interfaces that are configured for MPLS. To target a remote system in an MPLS network, an attacker needs to have access to the MPLS network through an MPLS-enabled interface. MPLS packets are dropped on interfaces that are not configured for MPLS.

Devices that support MFI will have mfi_ios in the output of the show subsys command. Interfaces that are enabled for MPLS can be seen by the show mpls interface command.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a014ac.shtml

Cisco 10000, uBR10012, uBR7200 Series Devices IPC Vulnerability

Cisco 10000, uBR10012 and uBR7200 series devices use a User Datagram Protocol (UDP) based Inter-Process Communication (IPC) channel that is externally reachable. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause a denial of service (DoS) condition on affected devices. No other platforms are affected.

Cisco has released free software updates that address this vulnerability. Workarounds that mitigate this vulnerability are available.

Cisco 10000, uBR10012 and uBR7200 series devices use a UDP-based IPC channel. This channel uses addresses from the 127.0.0.0/8 range and UDP port 1975. Cisco 10000, uBR10012 and uBR7200 series devices that are running an affected version of Cisco IOS will process IPC messages that are sent to UDP port 1975 from outside of the device. This behavior may be exploited by an attacker to cause a reload of the device, linecards, or both, resulting in a DoS condition.

Filtering unauthorized traffic destined to 127.0.0.0/8 or UDP port 1975 will mitigate this vulnerability.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a014ae.shtml

Cisco IOS Software Firewall Application Inspection Control Vulnerability

Cisco IOS software configured for IOS firewall Application Inspection Control (AIC) with a HTTP configured application-specific policy are vulnerable to a Denial of Service when processing a specific malformed HTTP transit packet. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability may result in a reload of the affected device.

Cisco has released free software updates that address this vulnerability.

A mitigation for this vulnerability is available. See the “Workarounds” section for details.

Firewalls are networking devices that control access to an organization’s network assets. Firewalls are often positioned at the entrance points into networks. Cisco IOS software provides a set of security features that enable you to configure a simple or elaborate firewall policy, according to your particular requirements.

HTTP uses port 80 by default to transport Internet web services, which are commonly used on the network and rarely challenged with regard to their legitimacy and conformance to standards. Because port 80 traffic is typically allowed through the network without being challenged, many application developers are leveraging HTTP traffic as an alternative transport protocol that will allow their application’s traffic to travel through or even bypass the firewall. When the Cisco IOS Firewall is configured with HTTP AIC, it performs packet inspection to detect HTTP connections that are not authorized in the scope of the security policy configuration. It also detects users who are tunneling applications through port 80. If the packet is not in compliance with the HTTP protocol, it will be dropped, the connection will be reset, and a syslog message will be generated, as appropriate.

Cisco IOS Software that is configured for IOS firewall AIC with an HTTP application-specific policy is vulnerable to a denial of service condition when it processes a specific malformed HTTP transit packet. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability may result in a reload of the affected device.

HTTP runs over TCP. For this vulnerability to be exploited, a full three-way handshake between client and server is required before any malicious traffic would be processed to result in a device reload.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a01545.shtml

Cisco IOS Software Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) Denial of Service Vulnerability

A vulnerability exists in the Cisco IOS software implementation of Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP), which affects limited Cisco IOS software releases.

Several features enable the L2TP mgmt daemon process within Cisco IOS software, including but not limited to Layer 2 virtual private networks (L2VPN), Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3), Stack Group Bidding Protocol (SGBP) and Cisco Virtual Private Dial-Up Networks (VPDN). Once this process is enabled the device is vulnerable.

This vulnerability will result in a reload of the device when processing a specially crafted L2TP packet.

Cisco has released free software updates that address this vulnerability.

Documented in RFC2661, L2TP and RFC3931, L2TPv3 are protocols for tunneling network traffic between two peers over an existing network.

A device running affected 12.2 and 12.4 versions of Cisco IOS and that has the L2TP mgmt daemon process running will reload when processing a specially crafted L2TP packet.

Several features leverage the L2TP protocol and start the L2TP mgmt daemon within Cisco IOS. These features have been outlined in this advisory under the Vulnerable Products section.

More info on http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_advisory09186a0080a0157a.shtml

Summary
Sep.24, 2008?! 12 new Cisco vulnerability advisories!
Article Name
Sep.24, 2008?! 12 new Cisco vulnerability advisories!
Description
On September 24, 2008, at about 16:00 GMT, the The Cisco Product Security Incident Response Team (PSIRT) has published 12 new vulnerability advisories. Mainly these vulnerabilities are DOS attack.
Author